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"The true title of every book ever written is 'how to be more like me'


What is emotional processing?
Emotional processing & psychological therapy
Measuring emotional processing
Emotional processing & psychological disorder
Emotional processing & panic attacks
Emotional processing & physical health
Emotional processing & gender
Emotional processing & forgiveness
Tears - nature's emotional processing?
Emotional processing & older people
Scientific conundrums


Emotional processing and older people

Baltes, P.B. & Baltes, M.M. (1990).  Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the models of selective optimization with compensation.  In P.B. Baltes & M.M. Baltes (eds), Successful aging: Perspectives from the Behavioural Sciences (pp.1-34). New York; Cambridge University Press.

Carstensen, L.L. (1995). Evidence for a life-span theory of socioemotional selectivity.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4, 151-156. 

Carstensen, L.L. & Charles, S.T. (1998). Emotion in the second half of life.  Current Directions, 7, 144-149. 

Carstensen, L.L., Gross, J.J., & Fung, H. (1998). The social context of emotional experience. In K.W. Schaie & M.P. Lawton (eds), Annual review of gerontology and geriatrics: Vol. 17. Focus on emotion and adult development  (pp.325-352). New York: Springer. 

Coleman, P.G. (1996). Identity management in later life. In Handbook of the Clinical Psychology of Ageing. R.T, Woods (ed), Wiley, Chichester.  

Coleman, P. G. (1999). Identity management in later life.  In Psychological Problems of Ageing, Assessment, Treatment and Care.  R.T. Woods (ed), Wiley, Chichester.  

Charles, S. Mather,M. & Carstensen, L.L., (2003). Aging and Emotional Memory: The Forgettable Nature of Negative Images for Older Adults.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 2003, Vol. 132, No.2, 310-324. 

Charles, S., Reynolds, C. A., Gatz, M. (2001). Age-related Differences and Change in Positive and Negative Affect Over 23 Years. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001, Vol. 80, No.1, 136-151. 

Costa, P.T., McCrae, R.R., (1990). Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality.  Journal of Personality Disorders, 4, 362-371. 

Costa, P.T., McCrae, R.R., & Arenberg, D. (1983). Recent longitudinal research on personality and aging.  In K.W. Schaie (Ed.), Longitudinal studies of adult psychological development (pp.222-265). New York: Guilford Press. 

Davidson, R.J., Putman, K.M. & Larson, C.L. (2000). Dysfunction in the Neural Circuitry of Emotion Regulation- A Possible Prelude to Violence. Science, Vol 289 July. 

DeNeve, K.M., & Cooper, H. (1998). The happy personality: A meta analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 197-229.  

Dittmann-Kohli, F. (1990). The construction of meaning in old age: possibilities and constraints. Ageing and Society, 10, 279-294. 

Gross, J., Carstensen, L. L., Pasupathi, M., Tsai, J., Gotestram Skorpen, C., & Hsu, A. (1997). Emotion and aging: Experience, expression, and control.  Psychology and Aging, 12, 590-599. 

Heckhausen, J. (1997). Development regulation across adulthood: Primary and secondary control of age-related challenges. Developmental Psychology, 33, 176-187.  

Knight, M. & Mather, M. (2006). The Affective Neuroscience of Aging and Its Implications for Cognition.  In T.Canli (ed), The Biological Bases of Personality and Individual Differences. Guildford Press, 159-183, 2006. 

Lawton, M.P., Kleblan, M.H., Rajagopal, D., & Dean, J. (1992). Dimensions of affective experience in three age groups.  Psychology and Aging, 7, 171-184. 

Levenson, R.W., Carstensen, L.L.,Friesen, W.V., & Ekman, P. (1991). Emotion, physiology, and expression in old age.  Psychology and Aging, 6, 28-35.    

Liotti, M. & Mayberg, H.S. (2001). The Role of Functional Neuroimaging in the Neuropsychology of Depression. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 23, No. 01, pp. 121-136. 

Mather, M. & Carstensen. L.L. (2005). Aging and motivated cognition: the positivity effect in attention and memory.  TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.9 No.10 pp 496-502. 

Mroczek, D.K., & Kolarz, C.M. (1998). The effect of age on positive and negative affect.  A developmental perspective on happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1333-1349. 

Ochsner, K.N. and Gross, J.J. (2004). Thinking makes it so: a social cognitive neuroscience approach to emotional regulation. In Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications (Beaumeister, R.F. and Voh, K.D., eds) pp. 229-255, Guilford Press. 

Peck, R.C. (1968). Psychological developments in the second half of life. In B.L. Neugarten (Ed.), Middle age and aging (pp.88-92). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 

Phillips, L.H, MacLean, R.D.H. & Allen, R. (2002). The Journals of Gerontology: Series B : Psychological sciences and social sciences. Washington: Nov 2002. Vol 57B, Iss. 6; p 526.  

Ryff, C.D, (1991). Possible selves in adulthood and old age: a tale of shifting horizons. Psychology and Aging, 6, 286-295.

 Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W. & Carstensen, L.L. (2000). Autonomic, Subjective and Expressive Responses to Emotional Films in Older and Younger Chinese Americans and European Americans. Psychology and Aging 2000 Vol. 15, No. 4, 684-693.


Time heals ... or does it?

Baker, R., Thomas, S., Thomas, P. & Owens, M. (in preparation) Development and initial validation of a new scale to measure emotional processing for Psychological Medicine.

Brosschot, J.F., Aarsse, H.R. (2001) Restricted emotional processing and somatic attribution in fibroymyalgia.  International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine (31,127-146

Buzsaki, G. (1998) Memory consolidation during sleep: a neurophysiological perspectove.  Sleep, 7 (supp 1), 17-23

Craske, M.G., Street, L.L., Jayaraman, J. & Barlow, D.H. (1991) attention versus distraction during in vivo exposure: snake and spider phobias.  Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 5, 199-211

Foa, e.B. 7 Kozak, M.J. (1986) Emotional procesing of fear: exposure to corrective information.  Psychological Bulletin, 99, 20-35

Fredrickson, B.L., Mancuso, R.A., Branigan, C. & Tugade, M.M. (2000) The undoing effects of positive emotion.  Motivation and Emotion.  Rachman, S (1980) Emotional Processing, Behaviour Research & Therapy, 18, 51-60

Maquet, P. (2001) The role of sleep in learning and memory.  Science 294, 1048-1082

Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P. (1998) A cognitive-motivational analysis of anxiety (1998)  Behaviour Research & Therapy, 36,809-848

Mohlman, J. & Zinberg, R.E. (2000) What kind of attention is necessary for fear reducation?  An empirical test of the emotional processing model.  Behaviour Therapy, 31, 113-133

Richards, J.M. & Goss, J.j. (2000) Emotion regulation and memory: the cognitive costs of keeping one's cool.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79,3,410-424

Rimé, B., Phillippot, P., Finenauer, C., Ligast, S., Moorkens, P. & Torngvist, J. (1995) Mental rumination and social sharing in emotion: diary investigations of the cognitive and social aftermath of emotional events reported in P. Philippot & B. Rimé (1998) Social and cognitive processing in emotion.  Chapter 8 of W.F. Flock and J.D. laird (Ed) Emotions in Psychotherapy, Oxford University Press, New York

Siegle, G.T. Steinhauer, S.R., Carter, C.S., Ramel, W., Thase, M.E.  Do the seconds turn into hours?  Relationships between sustained pupil dilation in response to emotional information and self reported rumination.  cognitive Therapy & Research.  In press.

Smith, C. (1995) Sleep states and memory processes.  Behaviour Brain Research, 69, 137-145

Stanton, A.L., Danoff-Burg, S., Cameron, C.I., Bishop, M., Collins, C.A., Kirk, S.B., Sworowski, L.A. (2000) Emotinally expressive coping predicts psychological and physical adjustment to breast cancer.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68,5,875-882

Telch, M.J., Valentiner, D.P., Ilai, D., Young, P.R., Powers, M.B. & Smiths, J.A.J. (2004) Fear activation and distraction during the emotional processing of claustrophobic fear.  Journal of Behaviour Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 35, 219-232

Wagner, V., Gaise, S., Haider, H., Verleger, R. & Born, J. (2004) Sleep inspires insight.  Nature, 427, 352, 355

Whelton, W.J. (2004) Emotional processes in psychotherapy: evidence across therapeutic modalities.  Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy.  11,58-71


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